Physical activity

A physically active lifestyle enhances feelings of energy[9][25], well-being[10][11], quality of life[12][13][14] and cognitive function[15][16][17] and is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline and dementia[18][19][20][21]. Exercise and physical activity decrease the risk of developing CHD, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer including colon and breast cancer[1]. Exercise and physical activity lower blood pressure and play an important role in weight management[1]. Exercise generally improves sleep[23][24]. Exercise among older adults preserves bone mass and reduces the risk of falling[2]. Moderate exercise has a beneficial effect on the human immune system[22]. A physically active lifestyle prevent and improve mild to moderate depressive disorders and anxiety[3][4][5][6][7][8].

Rate your health contributing behaviour so we can help you improve.

I do not agree with this statement. I somewhat agree. This may sometimes be representative. I agree with this statement. It describes my situation very well.
I take breaks during the work day.
I avoid extremely intense, long-term cardiovascular exercise.
I am physical active throughout the year.
I am conscious about proper nutrition and recovery after exercise.
I sit for less than 5 hours a day.
I walk atleast 8.000 steps a day.
I engage in atleast 3 hours of moderate-intense activity a week.
I gradually increase length and intensity if I have not been exercising lately.
I always warm up and start slow when exercising.
My exercise is appropriate for my situation.
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      Category: Physical health

      • [1] US Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report, 2008. Washington (DC): ODPHP Publication No. U0049. 2008 [cited 2010 Sep 24]. 683 p. View
      • [2] Nelson ME, Rejeski WJ, Blair SN, et al. Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 007;39(8):1435–45.
      • [3] Bibeau WS, Moore JB, Mitchell NG, Vargas-Tonsing T, Bartholomew JB. Effects of acute resistance training of different intensities and rest periods on anxiety and affect. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24(8):2184–91.
      • [4] Haskell WL, Lee IM, Pate RR, et al. Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 007;39(8):1423–34.
      • [5] Martinsen EW. Physical activity in the prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression. Nord J Psych. 2008;62(Suppl 47):25–9.
      • [6] Mead GE, Morley W, Campbell P, Greig CA, McMurdo M, Lawlor DA. Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(3):CD004366.
      • [7] Rethorst CD, Wipfli BM, Landers DM. The antidepressive effects of exercise: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Sports Med. 2009;39(6):491–511.
      • [8] Strohle A. Physical activity, exercise, depression and anxiety disorders. J Neural Transm. 2009;116(6):777–84.
      • [9] Puetz TW. Physical activity and feelings of energy and fatigue: epidemiological evidence. Sports Med. 2006;36(9):767–80.
      • [10] Bartholomew JB, Morrison D, Ciccolo JT. Effects of acute exercise on mood and well-being in patients with major depressive disorder. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005;37(12):2032–7.
      • [11] Yau MK. Tai chi exercise and the improvement of health and well-being in older adults. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:155–65.
      • [12] Conn VS, Hafdahl AR, Brown LM. Meta-analysis of quality-of-life outcomes from physical activity interventions. Nurs Res. 2009;58(3):175–83.
      • [13] Gillison FB, Skevington SM, Sato A, Standage M, Evangelidou S. The effects of exercise interventions on quality of life in clinical and healthy populations; a meta-analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2009;68(9):1700–10.
      • [14] Rejeski WJ, Mihalko SL. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001;56 Spec No 2:23–35.
      • [15] Kramer AF, Erickson KI. Capitalizing on cortical plasticity: influence of physical activity on cognition and brain function. Trends Cogn Sci. 2007;11(8):342–8.
      • [16] Ruscheweyh R, Willemer C, Kruger K, et al. Physical activity and memory functions: an interventional study. Neurobiol Aging [Epub ahead of print]. 2009
      • [17] Smith PJ, Blumenthal JA, Hoffman BM, et al. Aerobic exercise and neurocognitive performance: a meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials. Psychosom Med. 2010;72(3):239–52.
      • [18] Larson EB, Wang L, Bowen JD, et al. Exercise is associated with reduced risk for incident dementia among persons 65 years of age and older. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144(2):73–81.
      • [19] Paterson DH, Warburton DE. Physical activity and functional limitations in older adults: a systematic review related to Canada's Physical Activity Guidelines. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010;7:38.
      • [20] Weuve J, Kang JH, Manson JE, Breteler MM, Ware JH, Grodstein F. Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women. JAMA. 2004;292(12):1454–61.
      • [21] Yaffe K, Fiocco AJ, Lindquist K, et al. Predictors of maintaining cognitive function in older adults: the Health ABC study. Neurology. 2009;72(23):2029–35.
      • [22] Gleeson M (August 2007). "Immune function in sport and exercise". J. Appl. Physiol. 103 (2): 693–9. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00008.2007. PMID 17303714 View
      • [23] Buman, M.P., King, A.C. (2010). "Exercise as a Treatment to Enhance Sleep". American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine 31 (5): 514. doi:10.1177/1559827610375532.
      • [24] Youngstedt, S.D. (April 2005). "Effects of exercise on sleep" (PDF). Clin Sports Med. 24 (2): 355–65, xi. doi:10.1016/j.csm.2004.12.003.
      • [25] Tantimonaco M, Ceci R, Sabatini S, Catani MV, Rossi A, Gasperi V, Maccarrone M (2014). "Physical activity and the endocannabinoid system: an overview". Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 71 (14): 2681–2698. doi:10.1007/s00018-014-1575-6. View
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