Nature relatedness

Being outside in nature makes people feel more alive[1]. Exposure to nature is linked to increased energy and heightened sense of well-being[8][12]. Exposure to nature improves mental health[2][3], increases happiness[4][5][8] and reduces stress[6][7]. Having green spaces near the home is linked to better self-reported health[9]. Access to nature at the workplace is related to lower levels of perceived job stress and higher levels of job satisfaction[10]. Scenes of natural environments help people recover faster and be more resistant to subsequent stress, which also is likely to boost immunity[11]. Nature reduces stress and tension[12]. Trees in neighborhoods decrease levels of fear, incivilities, violence and crime rates[13][14]. Gardens help people to feel tranquil and at peace[15]. People who regularly pursue nature-related activities have greater overall health and life satisfaction than those who do not[13][14][16]. Gardens improve psychological well-being, provide environmental stimulation, a means of self-expression, physical exercise, and social interaction[17].


Rate your health contributing behaviour so we can help you improve.

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I do not agree with this statement. I somewhat agree. This may sometimes be representative. I agree with this statement. It describes my situation very well.
I spend weekends in the country side.
I live near green spaces or in a rural place surrounded with beautiful nature.
I have beautiful plants in my home or yard/garden.
I go to parks or out into the nature for many hours at least once a week.
My job is located in an area with green spaces.
I spend vacations in the mountains, in the country side etc.
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      Research
      • [1] Ryana, R. M., Weinsteine, N., Bernsteinb, J., Brownc, K. W., Mistrettaa, L., & Gagné, M. (2009) Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature. Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol 30 issue 2, 159 – 168. View
      • [2] Ian Alcock, Mathew P White, Benedict W. Wheeler, Lora E. Fleming, Michael H. Depledge. Longitudinal Effects on Mental Health of Moving to Greener and Less Green Urban Areas. Environmental Science & Technology, 2013; 131209122554002 DOI: 10.1021/es403688w. View
      • [3] Marselle Melissa R., Irvine Katherine N., and Warber Sara L. (2014) Examining Group Walks in Nature and Multiple Aspects of Well-Being: A Large-Scale Study. Ecopsychology. September 2014, 6(3): 134-147. doi:10.1089/eco.2014.0027.
      • [4] Zelenski, J. M., & Nisbet, E. K. (2014). Happiness and Feeling Connected The Distinct Role of Nature Relatedness. Environment and Behavior, 46(1), 3-23. View
      • [5] G MacKerron, S Mourato (2013) Happiness is greater in natural environments. Global Environmental Change View
      • [6] Evans, G.W. (2001). Environmental stress and health. In A. Baum, T. Revenson, and J.E. Singer (Eds.), Handbook of Health Psychology (365–385). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
      • [7] Wells, N.M., and Evans, G.W. (2003). Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress among Rural Children, Environment and Behavior, 35(3), 311–330.
      • [8] Selhub EM, Logan AC. Your brain on nature: the science of nature’s influence on your health, happiness and vitality. Missisauga: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
      • [9] Maas J, Verheij RA, Groenewegen PP, de Vries S, Spreeuwenberg P. Green space, urbanity, and health: how strong is the relation? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2006;60(7):587-592. doi:10.1136/jech.2005.043125. View
      • [10] Kaplan, R. and Kaplan, S. 1989. The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York. View
      • [11] Parsons, R., Tassinary, L. G., Ulrich, R. S., Hebl, M. R. and Grossman-Alexander, M. 1998. The View From the Road: Implications for Stress Recovery and Immunization. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18: 113-140.
      • [12] Leather, P., Pyrgas, M., Beale, D. and Lawrence, C. 1998. Windows in the Workplace. Environment and Behavior, 30: 739-763.
      • [13] Kuo, F. E. 2001. Coping With Poverty: Impacts of Environment and Attention in the Inner City. Environment and Behavior, 33: 5-34.
      • [14] Kuo, F. E. and Sullivan, W. C. 2001. Environment and Crime in the Inner City: Does Vegetation Reduce Crime? Environment and Behavior, 33: 343-367.
      • [15] Butter?eld, B. and Relf, D. 1992. National Survey of Attitudes Toward Plants and Gardening. In: Role of Horticulture in Human Well-being and Social Development: A National Symposium (Ed. by Relf, D.), pp. 211-212. Timber Press, Arlington, Virginia.
      • [16] Kearney, A.R. 2006. Residential Development Patterns and Neighbourhood Satisfaction, Environment and Behavior 38(1): 112-139.
      • [17] Browne, C. A. 1992. The Role of Nature for the Promotion of Well-Being in the Elderly. In: Role of Horticulture in Human Well-being and Social Development: A National Symposium (Ed. by Relf, D.), pp. 75-79. Timber Press, Arlington, Virginia.
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