Why it is important
Perseverance is correlated with higher life satisfaction. Persistence or grit is associated with higher performance, resilience and positive emotionality as long as it is within the bounds of rationality. Persistence supports goal-achievement which in turn leads to greater happiness and health. Persistence reduces negative emotions and increases positive emotions especially if a person is easy-going. People scoring low on persistence are typically described behaviorally as changeable, irresolute, and easily discouraged. People high in grit are more passionate about their goals.
Permanence, perseverance and persistence in spite of all obstacles, discouragements, and impossibilities: It is this, that in all things distinguishes the strong soul from the weak.
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Category: Spiritual healthResearch
-  Cloninger, C.R., Zohar, A.H., Hirschman, S., Dahan, D., 2012. The psychological costs and benefits of being highly persistent: personality profiles distinguish mood disorders from anxiety disorders. J. Affect. Disord. 136, 758–766. View
-  Cloninger, C.R., Bayon, C., Svrakic, D.M. , 1998. Measurement of tempera-ment and charac ter in mood disord ers: a model of fundamental statesas personality types. Journal of Affect ive D isorders 51, 21–32
-  Cloninger, C.R., Svrakic, D.M., Przybeck, T.R., 1993. A psychobiological modelof temperament and character. Archives of General Psychiatry 50,975–990
-  Rogers, CR, Lyon, HC, and Tausch, R (2013) On Becoming an Effective Teacher – Person-centered Dialogues with Carl R. Rogers and Harold Lyon. London: Routledge.ISBN 978-0-415-81698-4 pp. 87-94.
-  Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 92 (6), 1087–1101.
-  Maddi, S. R., Matthews, M. D., Kelly, D. R., Villarreal, B., & White, M. (2012). The Role of Hardiness and Grit in Predicting Performance and Retention of USMA Cadets. MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , 24, 19–28.
-  Silvia, P. J., Eddington, K. M., Beaty, R. E., Nusbaum, E. C., & Kwapil, T. R. (2013). Gritty people try harder: Grit and effort related cardiac autonomic activity during an active coping challenge. International Journal of Psychophysiology , 88, 200–205.
-  Steinberg ML, Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Foulds J, Epstein EE, Brandon TH. Task Persistence Predicts Smoking Cessation in Smokers with and without Schizophrenia. Psychology of addictive behaviors?: journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors. 2012;26(4):850-858. doi:10.1037/a0028375.
-  Roberts, B. W., Kuncel, N. R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L. R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socioeconomic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 313–345. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00047.x10.1111/ppsc.2007.2.issue-4
-  Martínez-Martí ML, Ruch W. Character strengths and well-being across the life span: data from a representative sample of German-speaking adults living in Switzerland. Frontiers in Psychology. 2014;5:1253. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01253. View