Why it is important
Problem-solving skills help individuals in dealing with stressful situations. People with good problem-solving abilities seem to be better protected against stress. A study found that effective problem-solving abilities were associated with lower distress among mothers of children with disabilities. Problem-solving skills can be used to prevent and recover from postpartum depression. A study on individuals who had incurred a spinal cord injury found that the injured were more likely to report greater depression and psychosocial disability if they had more negative appraisals of their problem-solving abilities. Problem-solving skills can increase coping skills. Good problem solving skills are associated with behaviors that promote good health. Better problem-solving skills are also associated with accident prevention behaviors. Problem-solving abilities also seem to be associated with improved pain management. A low sense of control when solving problems was found to be predictive of premenstrual and menstrual pain complaints of undergraduate women. In times of stress, individuals with ineffective problem-solving abilities often rely on emotion-focused and avoidant coping. Avoidance coping is a maladaptive coping mechanism that prevents individuals from tackling the underlying causes of the problem. Ineffective problem solvers tend to have more relationship problems than effective problem solvers.
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Category: Intellectual healthResearch
-  Nasiri, S., Kordi, M., & Gharavi, M. M. (2015). A comparative study of the effects of problem-solving skills training and relaxation on the score of self-esteem in women with postpartum depression. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 20(1), 105–112. View
-  MacGovern Billings D, Halstead JA. Teaching in nursing: a guide for faculty. Philadelphia: Elsevier Science Health Science Division; 2005.
-  Ebrahimi, H., Barzanjeh Atri, S., Ghavipanjeh, S., Farnam, A., & Gholizadeh, L. (2013). The Effect of Training Problem-Solving Skills on Coping Skills of Depressed Nursing and Midwifery Students. Journal of Caring Sciences, 2(1), 1–9. View
-  Dreer, L. E., Elliott, T. R., & Tucker, E. (2004). Social Problem-Solving Abilities and Health Behaviors Among Persons With Recent-Onset Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 11(1), 7–13. View
-  Elliott, T., Godshall, F., Herrick, S., Witty, T., & Spruell, M. (1991). Problemsolving appraisal and psychological adjustment following spinal cord injury. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 15, 387-398.
-  Elliott, T. (1992). Problem-solving appraisal, oral contraceptive use, and menstrual pain, journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22, 286-297.
-  MacNair, R. R., & Elliott, T. (1992). Self-perceived problem solving ability, stress appraisal, and coping over time. Journal of Research in Personality, 26, 150-164
-  Heppner, P. P., Hibel, J., Neal, G. W., Weinstein, C. L., &Rabinowitz, F. E. (1982). Personal problem solving: A descriptive study of individual differences. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 29, 580-590.
-  Noojin, A. B., & Wallander, J. L. (1997). Perceived problem-solving ability, stress, and coping in mothers of children with physical disabilities: Potential cognitive influences on adjustment. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 415432.