Why it is important
Longer hours at work is associated with poorer health (physiological and psychological). Poor work-life balance can directly negatively impact an individual’s mental health and it can also hinder the prevention and management of mental illness. Research has found a significantly higher prevalence of anxiety and depression in employees who work more than 49 hours per week. High levels of job demands is linked to psychological ill health (anxiety, depression). Extensive work hours and extremely demanding jobs are associated with health risks such as: smoking, alcohol consumption and weight gain. Poor Work-life balance often leads to work-family conflict. Better work-life balance can contribute to better sleep.
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Category: Occupational healthResearch
-  Work-Life Balance - Workplace Mental Health Promotion. View
-  Sparks, K., Cooper, C., Fried, Y. and A. Shirom (1997): “The effects of hours of work on health: A meta-analytic review”, in Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, pp. 391-408.
-  E. Kleppa, B. Sanne, & G. Tell, “Working Overtime is Associated with Anxiety and Depression: The Hordaland Health Study.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 50 (2008): 658. View
-  Sutherland, V. & Cooper, C. (1990). UnderstandingStress. London: Chapman and Hall
-  Lowe, G.S. (2005). Control over time and work–life balance: An empirical analysis. View
-  Higgins, C., Duxbury, L., & Lyons, S. (2007). Reducing work-life conflict: What works? What doesn’t? Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada. View
-  A workplace intervention improves sleep: Results from the randomized controlled Work, Family, and Health Study. Olson R., Crain T.L., Bodner T.E., King R., Hammer L.B., Klein L.C., Erickson L., (...), Buxton O.M. (2015) Sleep Health, 1 (1) , pp. 55-65. View
-  Lowe, G.S. (2005). Control over time and work-life balance: An empirical analysis. Report prepared for the Federal Labor Standards Review Committee, Canada: The Graham Lowe Group. View